Root Canal treatments and dental filling – the latest developments


Root Canal treatments and dental filling – the latest developments

Root canal is a treatment that helps in treating, repairing and managing a severely badly damaged or infected tooth instead of removing it.

The term ‘root canal’ actually means cleaning the canals present right in the middle of a tooth’s root. Even though the generic notion is to link root canal procedure with pain and torture, thanks to the latest advances in dental industry and local anaesthetics, today a successful root canal treatment need not necessarily involve pain.

Understanding Endodontic Treatment:
– Endodontic treatment is what we commonly call root canal treatment. It is a procedure that involves thorough cleaning and filling of a tooth when the nerve (or pulp) of the tooth gets infected. A tooth is a multi-layered organ that houses a nerve ending inside it. When decay progresses through the layers of a tooth and eventually reaches the nerve, a root canal treatment is required. In the first appointment, the decay along with the infected pulp is removed and cleaning and shaping of the canals of the tooth is begun. In subsequent appointments, once the dentist feels that the infection has been successfully cleared, the root canals are filled with a special filling material commonly called gutta percha. After this, the cavity of the tooth is filled with a filling material.

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Understanding Electrically Accelerated and Enhanced Remineralization (or EAER, for short):
– In Electrically Accelerated (or assisted) and Enhanced Remineralisation (EAER), extremely small currents are introduced into a tooth. The technology claims that the amplitude of the current is so small that it doesn’t cause any form of sensation in the human body. This current introduces minerals deep into the tooth that will initiate repair and regeneration.

EAER effects:
– EAER claims to remineralize the tooth and restore the lost enamel contrary to conventional fillings that replace decayed tooth structure with a suitable filling material. If this is successful, it will change the way patients view fillings and also alleviate the drill phobia. EAER is a path breaking technology that can be used not only for repairing decayed teeth but also for preventive care in children. However, the logistical aspects of integrating this technology in everyday practice is the next hurdle in front of contemporary practitioners. Here are can your teeth become sensitive after a cavity filling?

Resin infiltration:
– The resin infiltration technique aims to remineralize and restore the esthetics of early decay on the surfaces of teeth with the help of a low viscosity resin. The resin penetrates the porous layers of the tooth affected by early decay and seals these layers thus preventing any further ingress of acids or decay causing bacteria. This technique is showing excellent results in clinical trials and may prove to become a great adjunct for preventive and early care.

Why get a root canal if you can get an implant? Every tooth has a ligament that acts like a gel and absorbs biting forces. This reduces the pressure on the bone surrounding the tooth. This protective cushion around the tooth is absent in implants. Saving your tooth is therefore your best bet, an implant to replace a missing tooth is the next option. Removal of a tooth is not preferred unless it cannot be salvaged. However, if a patient doesn’t want to save a badly decayed tooth, he or she may opt to get the tooth removed and place an implant.

Fillings vs. crowns – which one is better and mostly recommended?
– Depending on the amount of tooth structure that was lost to decay, your dentist will recommend a crown or a reinforcing filling for your tooth. Besides the amount of decay, the choice between a filling and a crown after endodontic treatment depends on various factors best known to your dentist. Crowns today have evolved from metallic caps and those that had a tooth coloured layering to the completely metal free or completely tooth coloured crowns. They are available in a variety of materials. Advances in material sciences have brought forth a variety of materials with increased strength and properties that mimic natural enamel. These materials provide for durable and long-lasting restorations.